Color & Markings & Horse Parts
Looking at markings
Leg and facial markings are great for helping to identify individual horses. Each marking has
a name, and each name is universal among equine aficionados. The figure down below
shows the most common horse facial markings. Keep in mind that the following patterns
often have subtle variations.
* Apron: White that starts above the forehead, goes over the muzzle, and extends beyond
way over the bridge of the nose to the side of the face
* Bald: White that starts above the forehead, goes to the muzzle, and extends beyond the
bridge of the nose to the side of the face
* Blaze: Wide white area that runs along the bridge of the nose
* Snip: White spot located on the muzzle, between or just below the nostrils
* Star: White spot on the forehead
* Stripe: Narrow white stripe down the center of the face, on the bridge of the nose
You can find a variety of white leg markings on horses.
The Figure down below shows typical white leg markings on horses.
* Coronet: A small white band just above the hoof
* Half cannon: A white marking that extends from the edge of the hoof halfway up the middle of the leg
* Half pastern: A white marking that extends from the edge of the hoof halfway up the pastern
* Sock: A white marking that extends from edge of the hoof two-thirds of the way up the leg
* Stocking: A white marking that extends from edge of the hoof to the knee or hock
The Gypsy Cob is powerful and compact with an overall impression of intelligence, kindness,
strength and agility. They are medium to heavy boned, well proportioned and balanced with
ample muscle and abundant feathering.
The head should be in proportion to the body with a broad forehead and generous jaw.
Ears should be well set on, in proportion and not too small.
The eyes should be large, kind and set well apart.
The mouth should have a level bite.
The neck should be slightly arched and compact, without being too short, generously
muscled and tie in well at the shoulder.
The chest should be broad and powerful with ample muscle.
The shoulders should be deep, powerful and well sloped.
The withers should be of medium height and well muscled.
The back should be short with ample muscle sloping slightly upwards towards the croup.
The barrel should be short and compact with well sprung ribs and ample muscle.
The legs should be set well under the body, generously boned and muscled with well
shaped hooves capable of carrying the frame without stress
The hindquarters should be very generous, smooth, broad and rounded across the croup
with a long hip well coupled to powerful, straight hocks.
The mane and tail should be thick and luxuriant. Leg feathering should start at the knee
and hock and run down the front and back of the leg. Abundance of feathering may vary
with the medium weight cobs.
Any colour is permissible, solid or colored.
High front action with a slight outward flick, the general movement should be level with a
good length of stride.
The disposition should be one of quiet intelligence and docile temperament.
Body Colour Chart
Bay - Chestnut body colour with black mane, tail & points
Black - Black hairs, no brown , red or tan hairs.
Brown - A very dark brown, almost black coat with lighter brown highlights on muzzle, flanks and inside legs.
Chestnut - Red with red or flaxen mane & tail.
Roan - Maybe red, black or bay with approximately 50% white hair intermingled. Points usually darker.
Grey - Born any dark colour, gradually turning white with age.
Piebald - Black and White
Skewbald - Any other Colour than black, and White
Colour Pattern Guide
Tobiano (toe-bee - ahh - no) - the most common type of white spotting seen on horses. The white areas
usually have a distinct edge to them. The back is usually crossed at some point by white. All four lower legs
are usually white the head is usually coloured with markings common on unspotted horses and the eyes as a
rule are not blue. A tobiano can range from very little white, (usually the head is colored and the body is
white with very little coloured areas).
Tovero (toe - ver - roh) - This is not a common pattern, but is a combination of the spotting of both the
tobiano and overo white areas. (Usually the head has a lot of white while the body has the more distinct
Overo (oh - ver- roh) - The overo pattern is less common than the tobiano. The white areas usually
display more ragged edges than the tobiano spots. It is rare for white to extend onto the back. The head is
usually marked extensively with white and blue eyes are more common. The white areas commonly occur on
the sides, neck and /or belly. The white pattern is usually horizontal as opposed to the tobiano patter,
which is more vertically arranged. Overos often have one or more coloured feet. Overos are rarely all white
most of the white foals die a few days after birth, due to a condition called "lethal white".
Checking out the parts
Nature made horses to be virtual running machines that can reach speeds of nearly 40 miles per hour.
The equine body is an impeccably designed combination of muscle and bone in an elegant and graceful
Here are some parts of the horse (see Figure below):
* Withers: The area on the horse's back just after the neck but above the shoulders
* Fetlock: The horse's ankle
* Forelock: The hair between the horse's ears that falls onto the forehead
* Hocks: The elbow-like joint of the horse's back legs
* Muzzle: The area of the horse's head that includes the mouth and nostrils
Top row, L-R: Stocking, Sock or Boot, Fetlock or Sock.
Bottom row, L-R: Pastern, Coronet, Partial Pastern
Top row, L-R: Blaze, Stripe, Stripe (or thin blaze) and snip, Irregular blaze, Interrupted stripe, bald face.
Bottom row, L-R: Faint star, Star, Star and strip, irregular star, snip, lip marking
Show me your horse and I will tell you what you are.
Old English Saying
Parts of the hoof (see figure below)
Left to right:
Coronet, half-pastern, sock (white to top of fetlock joint), half-cannon, stocking, and ermine spots in stocking.
The Gypsy Horse comes in a range of colours not just Black and White.
"A good horse is never a bad colour"
Breed Standard Gypsy Horses